skip navigation

PhD Admission Requirements

Online Application to PhD

Application Deadlines

International students: Fall admission – March 1
Domestic students: Fall admission – May 1; We do have rolling admissions for US applicants until around August 15th.

For Funding Consideration:
Decisions are made in February for the upcoming academic year and generally offered only to PhD students. Applications completed by February 1 will all be evaluated for funding opportunities.

U.S. Bachelors Degree or equivalent

  • You must have a bachelors degree from an accredited college or university or the equivalent of a U.S. Bachelors degree. You must have attained a B.A. or B.S. degree prior to beginning the Phd program. You do not need to have a Masters degree to enter our PhD program. You should have strong analytical skills, a good background in economics and mathematics, and a serious commitment to research and/or advanced analysis.
  • We prefer Economics majors who have a strong undergraduate record with a strong quantitative background. Exceptions can be made for those who have strong quantitative skills but have minimal exposure to economics. For example, we occasionally admit applicants who have majored in Math, Physics, Engineering, and others, but with some exposure to Economics. At a minimum, applicants should be familiar with the undergraduate course content of intermediate macro- and microeconomic theory and with statistics.


  • A one-year course in calculus is required. Other mathematics courses that are recommended include multi-variate calculus, differential equations, linear algebra, probability theory, and real analysis.
  • Familiarity with computer programming with MATLAB and SAS is highly valuable but not essential for admission.

General Graduate Record Exam [GRE]

  • We require all Phd applicants to take the general GRE for admission consideration. In particular, we set a exam date limit of two years from the time an applicant wants to begin the Phd program. For example, if you are applying for Fall 2014 admission, the GRE can be no older than June 2012. There are no exceptions or waivers.
  • On test day, make arrangements to submit official scores to the University at BuffaloUniversity at Buffalo Code: 2925; Economics Dept Code: 1801

International Students ONLY

In addition to meeting the standard academic criteria for the program to which you are applying, as an international student, you must also demonstrate English proficiency. We accept the following exams:

IELTS 6.5 (no sub-score below 6.0)
PTE Academic 55 (no subsection score below 50)
Cambridge English
Proficiency (CPE)
Old Scale: 60; New Scale: 185
Cambridge English
Advanced (CAE)
Old Scale: 65; New Scale: 185
  • Exam dates must be within 2 years of application date. Exceptions or waivers are determined by the Graduate School
  • On test day, make arrangements to submit official scores to the University at BuffaloUniversity at Buffalo Code: 2925; Economics Dept Code: 84

International Students ONLY if they receive funding from the Economics Department

Speak Test (Speaking Proficiency English Assessment Kit): Graduate School policy requires the SPEAK test for all international graduate students receiving graduate, research, or teaching assistantships, regardless of whether or not the student is expected to teach a class immediately.

Other Questions

If you are accepted into the program, UB also requires these documents for Immigration requirements.
Please contact the Assistant Director for assistance with the application process.