skip navigation

Isaac Ehrlich

Economics of Crime and Justice

Published Books and Book Chapters

The Economics of Crime. (edited with Z. Liu). A three-volume book of readings with an introduction outlining the evolution of the subject and the structure of the book. Part of the collection: “International Library of Critical Writings in Economics” (Mark Blaug, general editor), Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd., Cheltenham, UK and Northampton, MA, 2006.

“On the Relation between Education and Crime” in Education, Income, and Human Behavior (1975), F. Thomas Juster, ed. (p. 313 – 338). See http://www.nber.org/chapters/c3702.pdf

“Participation in Illegitimate Activities: An Economic Analysis” in Essays in the Economics of Crime and Punishment. Becker, Gary S. and William M. Landes, eds. (p. 68 – 134), 1974. See:http://www.nber.org/chapters/c3627

Published papers

*Note: many of these papers are freely downloadable from the following websites:

http://ideas.repec.org/e/peh1.html

http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=188351

http://www.nber.org/cgi-bin/author_papers.pl?author=isaac_ehrlich

1. The Deterrent Effect of Criminal Law Enforcement Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. L(2), June 1972, pp. 259-276. Reprinted in The Economics of Corruption and Illegal Markets; The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, edited by Fiorentini and Zamagni, United Kingdom: Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, 2001.

2. Participation in Illegitimate Activities — A Theoretical and Empirical Investigation, lead article,Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 81 (3), May/June 1973, pp. 521-565.

— Reprinted in: The Economics of Crime and Law Enforcement, McPheters, L.R. and Stronge, W.B., eds., Charles C. Thomas, Springfield, Illinois, 1976.

— Reprinted in: Crime and Political Economy, the International Library of Criminology, Criminal Justice and Penology, Ian Taylor (ed.) UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited, 1998.

— To be reprinted in The Economics of Corruption and Illegal Markets; The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, United Kingdom.

3. On the Relation Between Education and Crime, in Education, Income, and Human Behavior, F.T. Juster, ed., Mcgraw-Hill Co., New York, 1975, pp. 313-338.

4. Participation in Illegitimate Activities — An Economic Analysis, in The Economics of Crime and Punishment, Becker and Landes, eds., Columbia University Press, New York, 1974, pp. 68-134.

5. An Economic Analysis of Legal Rulemaking (with Richard A. Posner), Journal of, Legal Studies, Vol. 3 (l), January 1974, pp. 257-80.

— Reprinted in Readings in the Economics of Law, A.I. Ogus and C.G. Veljanovski, eds., Oxford University Press, Spring 1984.

— To be reprinted in Readings in Law and Economics, R.A. Posner, ed., International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd.

6. The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment — A Question of Life and Death, American Economic Review, Vol. 65 (3), June 1975, pp. 397-417; two appendices: Sources of Data and a Mathematical Appendix, separate.

Full Text (in PDF)   Paper available for downloading

— To be reprinted in Controversies on Constitutional Law, Capital Punishment Series, M.B. Koosed, Garland Publishing, Inc.

7. Deterrence: Evidence and Inference, Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (2), December 1976, pp. 209-227.

— Reprinted in Secondary Analysis of Social Program Evaluations, Boruch, R.F., Cordray, D.S., and Wortman, P.M. (editors) 1981.

8. Rejoinder Yale Law Journal, Vol. 85 (3), January l976.

9. The Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment: Reply, American Economic Review, Vol. 67 (3), June 1977, pp. 452-458.

— Reprinted in Evaluation Studies Review Annual, Vol. 3, T.D. Cook, ed., Sage: Beverly Hills, 1979.

10. On the measurement of the Deterrent Effect of Capital Punishment and the Theory of Deterrence (with J.C. Gibbons), Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (l), January 1977, pp. 35-50.

11. Capital Punishment and Deterrence: Some Further Thoughts and Additional Evidence, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 85 (4), August 1977, pp. 74l-788; three appendices, separate.

— Reprinted in: Criminology Review Yearbook, Vol. l, Messinger and Bittner, eds., Sage: Beverly Hills, 1979.

12. Fear of Deterrence — A Critical Evaluation of the Report of the Panel on Research on Deterrent and Incapacitative Effects, Journal of Legal Studies, Vol. 6 (2), June 1977. Full Text (in PDF)   Paper available for downloading

13. Deterrence and Economics: A Perspective on Theory and Evidence, in Major Social Issues: A Multidisciplinary View, Milton Yinger and Stephen Cutler, eds., The Free Press, 1978.

14. The Economic Approach to Crime – A Preliminary Assessment, in Criminology, Review YearbookVol. l, Messinger and Bittner, eds., Sage: Beverly Hills, 1979.

— Reprinted in Readings in the Economics of Law, A.I. Ogus and C.G. Veljanovski, eds., Oxford Univ. Press, Spring 1984.

15. On the Usefulness of Controlling Individuals: An Economic Analysis of Rehabilitation, Incapacitation, and Deterrence, American Economic Review, Vol. 71 (3), June 1981, pp. 307-22.

16. The Market for Offenses and the Public Enforcement of Laws: An Equilibrium Analysis, British Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 21, 1982, pp. 107-20.

17. On Positive Methodology, Ethics, and Polemics in Deterrence Research, British of Journal of Criminology, Vol. 22 (2), April 1982, pp. 124-139.

18. The Optimum Enforcement of Laws and the Concept of Justice: A Positive Analysis, International Review of Law and Economics, lead article, Vol. 2, June 1982, pp. 3-27.

19. On The Economics of Compliance with the Minimum Wage Laws, with Yang-Ming Chang, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 93 (l), 1985, pp. 84-91.

20. Crime and Punishment, in The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economic Theory and Doctrine, John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman, editors, London: Macmillan Press, 1987.

— Reprinted in The New Palgrave: Selected Reprints, Macmillan Press Reference Books, London, 1989.

— Reprinted in Sub Judice, Justica e Sociedade, No. 2, Janiero-Abril (1992)

21. On the Issue of Causality in Crime Control: Some Theoretical Considerations and Experimental Evidence, American Economic Review, Vol. 77 (2), May 1987, pp. 99-106.

22. Crime, Punishment, and the Market for Offenses, Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 10 (1) Winter 1996, pp. 43-67.

— To be reprinted in The Economics of Corruption and Illegal Markets; The International Library of Critical Writings in Economics, Edward Elgar Publishing Limited, United Kingdom.

23. Criminal Justice, in The New Palgrave, A Dictionary of Economics and the Law, Peter Newman, Editor, MacMillan Press, 1998.

24. Sensitivity Analyses of the Deterrence Hypothesis: Let’s Keep Econ in Econometrics (with Z. Liu), Journal of Law and Economics, Vol. XLII April 1999, pp455-87.  Full Text (in PDF) | Appendix  Paper available for downloading at  http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=188351

25. Bureaucratic Corruption and Economic Growth, with F. T. Lui, Journal of Political Economy, Vol 107, no. 6 (2), October 1999, S270-S293.

26. “Economics of Crime”, in The Encyclopeida of Law and Society, edited by David S. Clark, Sage Publications, CA: Thousand Oaks, 2006.

27. “Economics of Deterrence – Theory“, in The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd edition, edited by Steven N. Durlauf and Lawrence E. Blume, Palgrave Macmillan (Basingstoke and New York), forthcoming, 2008.

28. “Taxing Crime vs. Taxing Guns: An Application of the Market for Offenses Model”, with Saito, Tetsuya, Journal of Economic Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(5), September 2010.

Grants

– Ford Foundation and Ehrhard Foundation Doctoral Fellowships in Economics 1966-68 and a number of university fellowships.

– Consecutive National Science Foundation grants to the Law and Economics project at the National Bureau of Economic Research – One of three principal investigators, $600,000, 1971-1977.

– U.S. Department of Justice, LEAA, $70,000, 1979.

– U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice (NIJ) , $42,000, 1980.

– U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) , $40,000, 1983.

– U.S. Department of Justice, BJS  $35,000, 1986/87.